Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Joseph P. Linskey
The Neighborhood Watch program is a crime prevention effort that has been in existence across the United States for more than 30 years. Founded in 1972 by the National Sheriffs Association, it originally aimed to deter an increasing residential burglary problem that was affecting many towns and cities throughout the United States. The program provides a means for local officials, law enforcement, and citizens to work together, forming community-based partnerships to enhance safety within their community by improving the reporting of suspicious activity in a neighborhood to the proper law enforcement authorities. While citizens are discouraged from actively getting involved in crime fighting activities, they are strongly encouraged to become the eyes and ears of local law enforcement, providing heightened community awareness. Through the 1960s, U.S. society became more mobile and faster paced, and more and more households had two-income families. This left vast numbers of homes empty during a ...