Prisons, Pregnancy and Parenting
Charley B. Flint
The number of adults under some form of correctional supervision has been increasing steadily. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, in 2006 more than 7 million people were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole. This accounts for 3.2 percent of all adult residents in the United States. Prison authorities at the federal and state levels had more than 1.4 million inmates in custody. More than 1.5 million children under the age of 18 have parents incarcerated in state and federal prisons; children under the age of 5 years old made up 22 percent of these children. Research indicates that when a family member goes to prison, the whole family suffers. Incarcerated females are more likely to have been the primary caretaker, so what happens to their children is different than for children of incarcerated male parents. For males, the children are more likely to be with ...