Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Segregation, De Facto
Dula J. Espinosa
The term de facto segregation refers to the separation of individuals, typically based on a characteristic over which the individual has little or no control and that exists in fact as customary practice. It differs from de jure segregation, which has a legal basis. De facto segregation is also more widespread, encompasses a greater number of individuals, and is harder to eliminate. As with de jure segregation, the areas involving de facto segregation include employment, education, housing, and public accommodation. Oppressive systems can, and often do, include both types of segregation. For example, the U.S. Supreme Court's desegregation order in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 constituted the first major victory in At ...