Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: December 31, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412961165 | Print ISBN: 9781412961158 | Online ISBN: 9781412961165| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jeffrie C. Kindred
The term turf toe has become a commonly accepted name referring to a sprain involving the hallux (great toe) metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of the foot. The name was first coined in 1976 after it was found that the frequency of injuries to the MTP joint was much greater during competition on artificial playing surfaces. The injury is fairly common; it is seen most often in football, but it also occurs in other sports such as wrestling, basketball, and dance, among others. Because this particular joint plays a key role in running, sprinting, and cutting, an injury can result in significant functional disability. It is thought to be underreported and not always appreciated as the significant injury that it may be or can become if it is not appropriately managed. The anatomy of the forefoot is intricate and quite complicated. The MTP joint of the hallux involves a metatarsal (long bone) ...