Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Wendell Lake & John S. Kuo
KENTUCKY IS THE 26th largest state by population and the 37th largest by land area in the United States. The state has two major research universities, the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville. These two universities jointly control in excess of $400 million in federal research funding. In 1994 the state of Kentucky established a spinal cord and head injury research trust funded by surcharges on traffic citations. This research trust fund has greatly bolstered support for researchers in Kentucky to develop stem cell—based treatments for traumatic and degenerative neurological illnesses. Research at the University of Kentucky has focused on the relationship of stem cells to hematological malignancies. At the University of Louisville, stem cell research has focused on stem cell—based therapy for spinal cord injury and on methods of extracting and modifying stem cells from adult organisms. At the University of Kentucky, age—related changes in adult stem ...