Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
MASSACHUSETTS EXCELS IN the biomédical field. The commonwealth has strong, internationally recognized academic research institutions and clinical centers, as well as a growing biomédical industry, with stem cell and regenerative medicine companies. The legislation is supportive of stem cell research, and the state is setting aside funds for embryonic stem cell research. Past successes have included performing the first skin graft grown from human stem cells in 1983. The only federal legislation regulation of stem cell research is an executive order prohibiting federal funds from being used for embryonic stem cell research, except those using embryonic stem cell lines created before August 9, 2001. Each state is therefore responsible for determining its policy and funding for stem cell research. Stem cell research in Massachusetts falls under the 2005 act enhancing regenerative medicine, which permits and encourages stem cell research on adult, placental, umbilical cord blood, and human embryonic stem cells. ...