Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Johnathan Ebben & John S. Kuo
THE MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE of Technology (MIT) is one of the most prestigious and influential institutions of higher education in the United States, with an international reputation for outstanding research and education programs. As MIT has developed into a world—class research university, it has developed a number of unique partnerships with other research institutions in the United States and throughout the world that have augmented and contributed significantly to the field of stem cell research. MIT was started as a result of the commitment and vision of William Barton Rogers and others, who sought to create a university that emphasized technology and science. These were particularly important concerns during the early 1860s, when MIT was launched, during the incipient Industrial Revolution. Rogers' idea focused on three pillars of education, known later as the “Rogers Plan.” Rogers called for the creation of a university that stressed the value of “learning by doing,” ...