Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
STEM CELL RESEARCH in Sweden is able to progress as a result of government support with appropriate legislation and funding, a strong scientific research foundation, public support—including willingness to participate in clinical trials of bio—medical research, and international cooperative relationships and partnerships. Legislation dating back to 1991 allows research on fertilized eggs (up to 14 days postfertilization) except that using the research for genetic modification is not permitted. Though this early legislation was focused on improving assisted reproduction (in vitro fertilization), it applies to stem cell research as well. Any fertilized egg used for research may not be used in assisted reproduction. A 2003 Act on Ethical Review of Research Involving Humans entered into effect on January 1, 2004, to protect individuals in research and to preserve human dignity. Research of this type is only approved when the value of the research outweighs the risks associated with it and when ...