Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 15, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971966 | Print ISBN: 9781412940504 | Online ISBN: 9781412971966| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
General Education Board
Peter A. Sola
The General Education Board (GEB) was founded in 1902 with a $1 million gift from John D. Rockefeller. The educational role of the GEB has been viewed by several historians as a shining light in terms of furthering educational aims for African Americans or as a plan to keep the former enslaved as second-class citizens. The GEB was incorporated by the U.S. Congress on January 12, 1903. It was the brainchild of Rockefeller, who along with a who's who of educators, created an organization—a foundation for all intents and purposes—that was to affect education in all areas without distinction to race, gender, or creed over nearly the next 50 years. The GEB list of directors included such educational leviathans as Charles W. Eliot (president of Harvard University), Abraham Flexner, George Peabody, and Andrew Carnegie. The GEB may be viewed as an umbrella ...