Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 15, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971966 | Print ISBN: 9781412940504 | Online ISBN: 9781412971966| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1
Shelly Lynne Brown-Jeffy
The Supreme Court ruling in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 (2007) ended the use of race in student assignment programs intended to achieve desegregated schools. In the future, public school districts seeking to use race as a factor in school assignment or transfer decisions will have to show the merit of racial diversity and document that other methods to desegregate schools have failed. This entry addresses the background, facts, and impact of Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1. Since Brown v Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954), the U.S. educational system has struggled to desegregate its schools. Although public schools were required to desegregate after Brown , residential neighborhoods still tended to be racially segregated. Given that the U.S. educational system uses the neighborhood school assignment model, neighborhood schools tend to reflect the racially segregated patterns of their neighborhoods. ...