Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 15, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971966 | Print ISBN: 9781412940504 | Online ISBN: 9781412971966| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
United States v. Montgomery County Board of Education
M. Elizabeth Kirkland
This case is specifically concerned with the desegregation of faculty and staff in public schools and the use of mathematical formulas to achieve that goal. In United States v. Montgomery County Board of Education (1969), the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously upheld an approach, ordered by the local district court, that tied faculty desegregation goals to a school system's Black–White faculty ratio and set forth specific numerical requirements in achieving those goals. This entry discusses the historical context of the case, the facts of the case, the Supreme Court's decision, and the impact of the ruling. On the eve of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954), with the racial desegregation of public education hanging in the balance, the future involvement of African American teachers and principals in the public school system was also at stake. For the previous 90 years, since emancipation, Brown ...