Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 15, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971966 | Print ISBN: 9781412940504 | Online ISBN: 9781412971966| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Adair f. White-johnson
The definition of dropouts in contemporary U.S. society is complex. Historically, definitions of the term have varied from state to state, across school systems within states, and, in some instances, within school administrative offices. Although the definition still demands clarity, many African American students are leaving high schools across the United States without diplomas at alarming rates. This trend has cultivated comparatively low lifetime earnings for this population and contributed to income disparities that negatively impact African Americans. The National Center for Educational Statistics offers several definitions of dropout. Event, status, and cohort dropout rates each provide a different perspective on the school dropout population. Event dropout rate is an annual measure that provides data about how effective educators are at retaining students in schools. Status dropout rates indicate the extent of the dropout problem in a population and can be used to estimate the need for further education These ...