Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Philip U. Effiong
Ginen (also referred to as Guinée or La Guinée) is that aspect of the Vodu religion that establishes a direct link between Haitian Vodu devotees and their African ancestral land. During the days of slavery, the name Ginen/Guinée became a generic term used to refer to West Africa as a whole. Within the Vodu worldview, however, Ginen is representative of a most sacred location because it sustains the holistic worldview in which precise relationships and interactions take place within the supernatural realm and between the natural and the supernatural. This entry looks at the linkage between Africa and Haiti from this perspective. The primary and official religion of Haiti, Vodu, has its roots firmly grounded in the former African Kingdom of Dahomey, known today as the Republic of Benin. However, Vodu in Haiti also benefited, although to a lesser degree, from religious contributions made by Africans from other various Central ...