Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Human beings often ask ontological questions about their health, their professions, and their financial situations. They may ask questions about the essence of life, about time past, time present, and time future. Who is my guardian-god and protector? Why did my friend die so young? Why am I not prosperous? How do I recover my health? When is my business going to flourish? What does the future hold for me? People may be able to explain or interpret certain occurrences to themselves and to peers. However, for other phenomena that are beyond their understanding and that remain a mystery, they seek answers in various ways. One way is through religion. This search for answers from the Unknown or God or gods is a core foundation of religion. In the course of their religious practices, human beings seek, receive, and heed to communications from God or gods. In some religions, these ...