Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Santeria (also known in Cuba as regia de ocba, Oricba , or Lucumi) is a trans-Atlantic extension of Yoruba religion into the African diaspora. Santeria is one of a number of related Yoruba-based religions existing in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Throughout this region, relatively new religious forms arose out of the encounters of indigenous Amerindian peoples, European settlers, and imported Africans and Asians as Europe colonized the Americas. The religion of the Yoruba people, mainly found in the countries of Nigeria, Togo, and the Republic of Benin, is an ancient religious system with millions of adherents on the African continent as well as in the Americas. Just as there are regional and doctrinal variants within the Christian, Buddhist, and Islamic religions, this is the case with Yoruba religion as well, and Santeria is simply the Cuban variant of this older, more extensive Yoruba religious tradition. The history ...