Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
DeBorah Gilbert White
Sopdu, a local falcon god, is referred to as a war god in ancient Egyptian religion. Called “Smiter of the Asiatics,” “Sharp-Toothed One,” “Eastern Horus,” “Lord of the East,” and “Great of Strength,” Sopdu was thought to keep watch over the eastern delta lands of Egypt and the surrounding areas. The ancient Egyptians believed that his protective force extended across the eastern desert routes, an area between the Nile and the Red Sea and the Asiatic lands and those areas northeast of Egypt. Sopdu guarded the borders of the delta from foreign invaders and in this capacity was also referred to as the border god. This ancient Egyptian god was also known by the names Sopd, Soped, Sopedu, Sopedu-Horus, and Septu. The primary cult of Sopdu resided in the ancient city of Per-Sopdu, which translated to mean “House of Sopdu” during the 22nd dynasty in the 20th Lower Egyptian nome. ...