Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kimani S. K. Nebusi
Water is perhaps the single most important liquid in the world. Composed of two parts of hydrogen and one part of oxygen (H 2 0), it is not possible for any form of life to survive without it. Water covers about three quarters of the Earth's surface and makes up roughly the same portion of the human body by mass. This liquid dominated the physical, social, and spiritual environment of ancient Africa. It still does in most of Africa today, as well as in African communities outside of the continent. In the African world, from as early as ancient Kemet to the present, water, in the form of primeval water, has been at the center of the explanation of the origins of existence. In this world, water is the ultimate cleansing agent, both internally and externally. It is also the ultimate agent and symbol of spiritual purification and a most ...