Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Braidwood, Robert John (1907–2003)
Stephen L. Brusatte
Hailed as one of the founders of scientific archaeology, Robert Braidwood (1907–2003) is credited with a multitude of discoveries and novel research methods, including the use of interdisciplinary teams to study the transition from a hunter-gatherer society to an agriculture-based civilization. Through a series of important excavations in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey, Braidwood and his colleagues discovered evidence of the earliest signs of food production, metallurgy, and architecture. Braidwood studied architecture at the University of Michigan and received his MA in 1933. Later that year, he joined the University of Chicago Oriental Institute's Syrian Hittite Expedition to the Amuq Plain, where he worked under legendary archaeologist James Henry Breasted until 1938. In 1937, he married ...