Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Richard M. Seklecki
Aggression is simply defined as “Any form of behavior directed toward the goal of harming another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment.” Aggression is most commonly studied in its application to humans and may include both verbal confrontations and physical gestures. Singular aggression between two humans is the most typical form of aggression found in the social world. The most destructive occurrence of aggression is found in warfare between sovereign nations. Numerous studies and analyses of the many forms of aggression reveal a host of potential variables that are social, gender, racial, biological cultural/geographic, psychological, historical, and even situational factors. Aggression is usually thought of negatively because of its association with harm, such as in assaults and homicides. While this may be the prevailing popular perception, the use or display of aggression is clearly relative to its immediate social or cultural context. Consider, for example, the aggression ...