Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
In a famous manifesto, the geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900–1975) claimed in 1973 that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” One could also wonder if anything in anthropology makes sense except in the light of evolution. Indeed, there is a part of anthropology that does not deal with evolutionary issues. This is true for most of cultural anthropology, especially on the fringe of the sociology domain. It is even true for some aspects of physical anthropology. Medical anthropology deals with the health status of different populations in relation to different geographical and sociocultural environments. Forensic anthropology focuses mostly on identification of body remains, as well as of living subjects. It should be also underlined that anthropology was born and developed as a science in a preevolutionist period. Although the word anthropologos was used in antiquity, it is not before the Renaissance that it was used anthropologia ...