Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Gandhi, Mahatma (1869–1948)
Uzma Z. Rizvi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma) , who is discussed in the anthropological literature for his adoption of nonviolent resistance ( Satyagraha , the vindication of truth by infliction of suffering not on the opponent, but on oneself), which culminated in the “Quit India” movement against the British in Colonial India, is a modern example of the embodiment of classic Weberian charismatic authority. Satyagraha , developed by Gandhi as a way of life, has emerged more popularly as a political tactic, as in civil disobedience movements (Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela). Combining spirituality with popular politics based primarily in interventions, Gandhi was able to rapidly ascend to the helm of nationalist politics in British ...