Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Iroquoian Nations, Northern
Neil P. O'Donnell
The Iroquoians are a group of linguistically related Native American nations that occupied portions of eastern North America for over a century before contact with Europeans. In addition to their language similarities, Iroquoians in the northeast region of the continent utilized similar technologies and followed similar settlement patterns and subsistence strategies, particularly prior to first contact with Europeans circa AD 1600. The Northern Iroquoian peoples include the Huron and Petun, who at the time of first contact with Europeans occupied portions of present-day Ontario; the Erie, Wenro, and Neutral, who occupied the Niagara Frontier; the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk (the members of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy), who occupied much of present-day New York State; and the Susquehannock, who occupied areas in what today is Pennsylvania and southern New York State. Other Iroquoian nations, including the Tuscarora, occupied areas in present-day North and South Carolina. The Tuscarora migrated north during ...