Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Benjamin W. Porter
Jarmo (Qal'at Jarmo), located in modern northern Iraq, is one of the oldest Neolithic agricultural settlements in the Middle East. Excavations here yielded much information on human society's transition to sedentary agricultural practices. University of Chicago archaeologist Robert Braidwood spent several seasons between 1948 and 1955 excavating the village that dated between 9,250 and 7,750 years ago (7250 and 5750 BCE). The introduction of ceramic vessel technology in Jarmo's later levels suggests the site spanned two time periods that are known as the Pre-pottery and Pottery Neolithic. The village of Jarmo consisted of mud brick, rectilinear houses whose inhabitants subsisted on a ...