Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stefan Lorenz Sorgner
Immanuel Kant was born on the 22nd of April, 1724, in Koenigsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad) and he died in the same city on the 12th of February, 1804. He was the fourth of nine children of his parents, Anna Regina, neé Reuter, and Johann Georg Kant, who both belonged to a Pietist branch of the Lutheran Church. When Immanuel Kant was eight, he entered the Piestist school, Friedrichskollegium, and remained there until 1740. As his parents were rather poor, he was dependent on financial support from Franz Albert Schultz (1692–1763), who had realized Kant's immense talent, and who was headmaster of Kant's school, professor of theology, and pupil of the famous German thinker of the Enlightenment, Christian Wolff (1697–1754). Kant's mother died in 1737 while he was still at school. From 1740 to 1746, the year his father died, Kant attended the University of Koenigsberg, studying philosophy, mathematics, natural sciences, ...