Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Monkeys, Old World
Jason M. Kamilar & Nicholas L. Roehrdanz
Old World monkeys (OWMs) are one of two major groups of monkeys, consisting of all primates belonging to the family Cercopithecidae. The family is composed of 18 genera and approximately 90 species, including baboons, colobines, guenons, and macaques. OWMs are found throughout large portions of Africa and Asia, living in a wide range of habitats. They range from the savannas of Africa, to the tropical rain forests of Indonesia, to the snowy regions of Japan. Most OWMs are arboreal (tree dwellers), whereas some are terrestrial (ground dwellers). OWMs are nearly completely diurnal, meaning that they are active during daylight hours. Group structures among OWMs vary greatly. Most species live in social groups that consist of several adult males and females with their offspring. Certain physical ...