Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Shara E. Bailey
Sahelanthropus tchadensis is an extinct hominin discovered in Chad in 2001–2002. The fossils were discovered by Michel Brunet and colleagues, who are part of the Mission Paléoanthropologique Francō Tchadienne (MPFT). The species name literally means Sahel-man from Chad; Sahel is the name of the region where the fossils were found. Brunet and colleagues have nicknamed the fossil skull Toumaë (or Toumai), which means “hope of life” in the local Goran language. The holotype (the specimen that illustrates the characters of the species) includes a nearly complete cranium and the other fossils include parts of two mandibles and some isolated teeth. At the time of ...