Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stewart B. Whitney
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the capability of devices or mechanisms and machinery to perform functions usually associated with human intelligence, including scientific systems, reasoning, optimization through experience, and automated motor systems. The American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) is dedicated “to advancing the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines,” and it aims “to increase public understanding of artificial intelligence, improve the teaching and training of AI practitioners, and provide guidance for research planners and funders concerning the importance and potential of current AI developments and future directions.” It publishes the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research . What had been the imaginative machines of intelligence in science fiction of the 20th century (from the writings of Jules Verne, Arthur C. Clarke, and Isaac Asimov to the motion pictures Forbidden Planet and 2001: A Space Odyssey ) is now the reality of the ...