Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Women and Anthropology
Uzma Z. Rizvi
In all four fields of anthropology (Cultural, Archaeology, Linguistics, and Physical Anthropology) women have made significant contributions to establishment and growth of the field. In addition to providing role models for future generations, the earliest women in the field pioneered pivotal studies, generating new questions and venues for research. The discussion of women in anthropology is closely intertwined with the development of the feminist movement, as it is with the debate on gender equity. Early pioneers set the stage for later developments. These women have constructed the heritage of anthropology and at the same time have become mentors and advocates for future women in the field. A pioneer in American ethnology, Matilda Coxe Evans Stevenson (1849–1915) was the first woman to work in the American Southwest, focusing on the Zuni. A vocal advocate for women's professional equity in anthropology, Evans Stevenson also became a supporter for Native American reform. She ...