Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Philip Carl Salzman
Baluchistan means “land of the Baluch.” It is found where Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan meet, spreading over southeastern Iran, southwestern Afghanistan, and western Pakistan. This is a harsh and broken land of sand and pebble deserts punctuated by jagged volcanic mountains and deeply gouged runoff wadis. The climate is dry or dryer, and the little rain that falls does so in the winter. Baluchistan's hypothetical boundaries are defined by its dominant language, Baluchi, a Western Iranian language most closely related to Kurdish. Baluchi varies in dialect, influenced more by Persian in the west and Urdu in the east. Commonalities of Baluchi culture seen across the region would include mixed subsistence production, pastoralism, nomadism, oasis occupation, tribal organization, dress and coiffure, ...