Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hall, G. Stanley
John D. Hogan & Thomas P. Vaccaro
Granville Stanley Hall (1844–1924) was a pioneer psychologist in America whose contributions had a substantial impact on the evolution of the discipline. His work was particularly crucial to the emergence of developmental psychology, and he is often identified as the “father of developmental psychology.” However, his influence was considerably broader. He is especially remembered for his organizational abilities, including his creation of the first psychology journals in the United States and his role in the founding of the American Psychological Association. It was at his invitation that Sigmund Freud made his only visit to the United States, resulting in widespread dissemination of the ideas behind psychoanalysis and giving the movement a legitimacy it did not formerly possess. Despite Hall's successes, he was a controversial figure. His writings and research were often strongly criticized, and his personal style frequently resulted in clashes with other important pioneers in psychology. The “recapitulation theory” ...