Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Parent Involvement, Programs in
Kim Choo Khoo
Parent involvement refers to activities, programs, or services that involve parents in the care, development, and education of their children. Early parent involvement programs focus on helping parents provide appropriate stimulation for infants and toddlers. In early childhood, parent involvement is often associated with home and school partnerships to promote children's school performance, especially for children with special needs. Parent involvement is also related to activities designed to facilitate children's social-emotional development through nurturing their self-esteem, confidence, and positive social behaviors. Other common activities include parent education on child development and parenting issues; parent participation in affairs that affect their children's education, development, and well-being; participation in parent support groups; information and referral services; and empowering parents as decision makers and contributors to make a difference in the lives of their children. Parent involvement programs may be initiated and funded by the government, for instance, health ministries for educating parents ...