Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Cynthia L. Smith & Nancy Eisenberg
The emergence of self-regulation is a major milestone in children's development. With the development of self-regulation, children are expected to manage frustration and modulate emotions in order to act in a socially accepted manner (Kopp & Neufeld, 2003). Because a major component of self-regulation is managing emotions, emotion-related regulation plays a large part in children's self-regulation. Eisenberg (Eisenberg & Morris, 2002) defines emotion-related regulation as the process of initiating, avoiding, inhibiting, maintaining, or modulating the occurrence, form, intensity, or duration of internal feeling states, emotion-related physiological processes, emotion-related goals, and/or behavioral concomitants of emotion, generally in the service of accomplishing one's goals. Emotion-related regulation thus includes processes that serve to manage internal states, such as emotions and related physiological states, as well as the regulation of behavioral reactions associated with, or resulting from, internal states. The regulation of internal states and processes often involves shifting and focusing attention in emotion-related ...