Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Seligman, Martin E. P.
Martin Elias Peter Seligman was born August 12, 1942, in Albany, New York. He majored in philosophy at Princeton University and in psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, taking his PhD in 1967 under the supervision of the noted learning theorist Richard Solomon. Except for a brief stint teaching at Cornell University and sabbatical leaves at various universities and research centers, Seligman has spent his entire professorial career at the University of Pennsylvania, where he is the Fox Leadership Professor of Psychology in the department of psychology. For close to four decades, Seligman has contributed to psychology and allied metal health professions as a basic scientist, theorist, teacher, administrative leader, and public intellectual. He is best known for his work on learned helplessness, depression, optimism, and positive psychology. In the 1960s, when Seligman first entered psychology, learning theory attracted those who aspired to general accounts of behavior and believed that ...