Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Terman, Lewis M.
John D. Hogan
Lewis Terman (1877–1956) was an American pioneer of the intelligence test movement. He is best known for his creation of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, a test that became the standard for intelligence testing for many years. He initiated a longitudinal study of “genius” that continues until this day and will continue until every one of its original 1,528 subjects is dead. Terman also made significant research contributions on sex differences and marital satisfaction. He was controversial in several ways, particularly for his belief in a strong genetic component to intelligence and for his support of the eugenics movement. Lewis M. Terman was born January 15, 1877, on an Indiana farm, the 12th of 14 children. At age 15, he entered Central Normal College in Danville, Indiana, to prepare for a career in teaching. After graduation, he taught briefly, during which time he met and married a fellow teacher, Anna Minton. ...