Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Serdar M. Degirmencioglu
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is a legal instrument, a guide defining and implementing children's rights, that was approved and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989. It includes the rights to which every child is entitled, regardless of where born or to whom, regardless of sex, religion, or social origin. The convention includes the entire range of human rights: civil-political, economic-social-cultural, and humanitarian (Cohen & Naimark, 1991). The convention is a binding document that holds the state and the government, as the legal mechanisms responsible in administering a country, accountable for the implementation of children's rights. With very few exceptions, all countries have ratified the convention. A notable exception is the United States, which has signaled its intention to ratify by formally signing the convention. Although the convention is addressed to governments, it actually addresses the responsibilities of society. Full implementation of ...