Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Injury Prevention In Children
Tonja R. Nansel & Nancy L. Weaver
The safety of children is one of the most pressing public health issues of our time. Injuries are responsible for more deaths in children over age 1 than any other health threat, and for every death from an injury, there are many more hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and outpatient treatment. Injuries occur when energy is transferred in ways, amounts, and rates that damage body structures and tissues. This can occur when a soccer player collides with a goal post, when an infant falls down the stairs, when a toddler swallows a household cleaner, or when two vehicles collide. While injuries are sometimes thought of as “accidents” or chance events of nature, it becomes clear that many injuries could have been prevented when the situations in which they happen are examined. For example, we know that teenage drivers demonstrate a higher rate of crashes and injuries than do adult drivers. However, ...