Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Job Strain and Health
Benjamin C. Amick III
Job strain results when work is organized in a way that allows workers little job decision latitude and requires high levels of psychological job demands. The interaction of job decision latitude and psychological job demands to create job strain is figuratively depicted as a cross-tabulation. Job strain results from how work is organized. Work systems are often organized to maximize how much a worker does and to ensure that the quality of the work done is at a consistently high level. To maximize how much a worker does, companies will increase production requirements to the point where quality is not sacrificed. To ensure consistently high levels of quality, the job is often simplified by reducing task variety or the skills required to get the job done. The manufacturing assembly line represents one type of work system where production requirements are high, quality is consistent, and the tasks to be done ...