Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Metabolic Syndrome and Stress
The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of cardiovascular risk factors that is common among adults in industrialized societies. The key risk factors are glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, raised fasting serum triglycerides, and raised blood pressure. Localization of body fat in the abdomen and low-level inflammation are often present within the cluster of risk factors. An individual with the metabolic syndrome may well be in good health but is more likely than others to develop Type 2, or maturity onset, diabetes and to experience a heart attack. Furthermore, there are indications of a causal connection between metabolic syndrome and accelerated decline of cognitive function. The metabolic syndrome is reversible. Effective treatment and prevention of the metabolic syndrome has the potential to reduce the burden of several key degenerative diseases. Some ethnic groups, including those of South Asian origin, are particularly at risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease and are primary ...