Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Smoking and Nicotine Dependence
Cynthia A. Conklin & Kenneth A. Perkins
Cigarette smoking is now well accepted as the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The latest statistics reveal that about 3 million smokers worldwide die annually from smoking and that the rapid increase in smoking in developing countries will cause this annual toll to rise to about 10 million by the year 2030. Several hundred million adults who are current smokers are expected to die from smoking, most often from chronic diseases of the heart and lungs. and one in five deaths in the United States is smoking related. Even among nonsmokers, exposure to secondhand smoke causes an estimated 3,000 deaths per year. Although the harmful health effects from smoking are widely known, only an estimated 3% of smokers successfully quit each year, less than 10% of those who attempt smoking abstinence. Thus, the current and future public health impact of smoking warrants greater effort being Much ...