Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stress, Appraisal, and Coping
Susan Folkman & Judith Tedlie Moskowitz
It is widely accepted that everyone experiences stress and that stress has deleterious effects on mental and physical health. While it is true that just about everyone experiences stress, it is not true that it always has deleterious health effects. This observation is probably as old as recorded history. Over the past 40 years, it has become the central interest of a number of psychologists working in the areas of cognitive, health, and clinical psychology. The systematic process of developing and testing hypotheses regarding stress and its effects on health depends on having a theory. In 1966, Richard Lazarus published a landmark book, Psychological Stress and the Coping Process , that presented a cognitive theory of stress. This book and its successor, Stress, Appraisal, and Coping , published in 1984, laid the foundation for much of the research on psychological stress that has occurred since then. At the heart of ...