Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974
Stefan M. Rosenzweig
The Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 (EEOA), like its close relative the Civil Rights Act of 1964, has its roots in the civil rights struggles of the 1950s and 1960s. For matters of language, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act is the most pertinent aspect of that law. It provides that “no person in the United States shall on the grounds of race, color or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” In the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision of Lau v. Nichols (1974), the Court held that Chinese students who were limited in their English proficiency had been denied their rights under Title VI by a refusal to provide them with special programming. Essentially, the Court stated that “there is no equality of treatment merely by providing The ...