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Encyclopedia of Community Corrections

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Encyclopedia of Community Corrections

Shannon M. Barton-Bellessa

Pub. date: 2012 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452218519 | Print ISBN: 9781412990837 | Online ISBN: 9781452218519 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Crime Control Model of Corrections

Janine Kremling

The crime control model was developed by Herbert Packer (1925–72) as one of two competing models that explain the criminal process. The crime control and due process models are based on different value systems. The crime control model emphasizes punishment, keeping order, and victims' rights over the rights of the accused, whereas the due process model focuses on the protection of individual rights. The key component of Packer's crime control model is the repression of crime by efficiently disposing cases. The criminal justice system should operate like an assembly-line conveyor belt; cases should move quickly from one stage to the next, as a result swiftly convicting criminals. There is an ongoing debate over which model should prevail. Currently the criminal justice system is based on the crime control model. This philosophy is reflected in corrections policies, including tough-on-crime policies, mandatory sentences, three-strikes laws, and truth in sentencing. The main criticism ...

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