Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Patricia Henderson & Norman C. Gysbers
In addition to their typical developmental issues, children and adolescents currently face many challenges to their healthy growth and development. According to the American School Counselor Association (ASCA), school counselors accept responsibility for helping all children and adolescents make age- or grade-appropriate progress in their personal, social, educational, and career development. School counselors also assist children and adolescents who present different degrees of need for special help in these areas—needing help with developmental issues and issues inherent in their own circumstances. These special issues may arise when children or adolescents are unable to accomplish developmental tasks or when circumstantial obstacles interfere with their progress. A familiar example of the former is the adolescent who prefers to spend time with friends rather than attend class. A familiar example of the latter is the child who cannot concentrate on schoolwork due to troubles at home. School counselors work with children and In ...