Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Clinical Interview as an Assessment Technique
Susan C. Whiston & Dawn Lindeman
A clinical interview involves counselors asking individuals questions to gather pertinent information. In interviewing, therapists attempt to help individuals feel comfortable so that candid and relevant information is revealed. Clinical interviewing occurs throughout the counseling process but is typically a major component of the initial session. An initial interview focuses on gathering information. Therapists generally gather demographic information (e.g., marital status, race or ethnicity, and employment) and information about current problems (e.g., frequency of problem, degree problem affects functioning, and previous attempts to solve problems). Additional questions are asked about social support, medical history, and current medications. Furthermore, therapists may ask questions regarding suicide, substance use, and issues of violence. The information gathered during the initial clinical interview influences the treatment plan, so honest communication is ...