Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Roberta L. Nutt
While many theories of psychotherapy and counseling develop specific techniques to fit their assumptions and concepts, many techniques cut across theories. Furthermore, many mental health practitioners make use of different theoretical frameworks and interventions at different times, and these practitioners sometimes combine techniques and interventions from a variety of sources. Positive therapeutic outcomes depend upon components (often termed common factors) that are found in many theoretical orientations. Hence, no one form of therapy is clearly superior to all the others. Successful therapy requires the integration of a positive therapeutic relationship with a set of common factors or techniques. These common factors have been classified in a number of ways, but there is consensus regarding the critical importance of two factors, the presence of a facilitative therapeutic relationship and of positive expectations for success on the part of clients. Nevertheless, the selection of specific techniques is still important to the individual ...