Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Therapy Process, Individual
Arpanet G. Inman & Erin E. Howard & Nicholas Ladany
For decades, clinicians have been interested in understanding the within-session interactions and specific factors that influence dynamics in counseling and psychotherapy. This interest in what happens in therapy, namely, the therapeutic process , spans disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, and social work. However, the large number of psychotherapeutic approaches, the assumptions underlying what therapeutic process entails, and the complexity inherent in understanding how therapy works has made studying process a daunting task. The bulk of research on the therapy process occurred between the 1970s and 1990s. The earlier research focused on therapist variables and response modes by isolating single overt behaviors and assessing significant moments or events within the context of particular theoretical models. By the 1990s, the recognition of the therapeutic process as complex, interdependent, and based in overt and covert behaviors led researchers to examine process within the context of theoretical integration and technical eclecticism. Process is currently seen ...