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Encyclopedia of Counseling

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Encyclopedia of Counseling

Frederick T. L. Leong

Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Wechsler, David (1896–1981)

Charles E. Byrd & Teraesa S. Vinson

David Wechsler, a Jewish American psychologist best known for his contributions to intelligence theory and intellectual assessment, was born in Lespedi, Romania, January 12, 1896. When he was 6, his family moved to New York City. Wechsler earned a bachelor's degree from City College of New York in 1916, a master's degree from Columbia University in 1917, and a doctor of philosophy from Columbia University in 1925, the latter degrees earned under Robert S. Woodworm. After gaining military experience in assessment during World War I, partly under Edwin G. Boring, Wechsler was transferred to the University of London in 1919. There he studied with Charles E. Spearman and Karl Pearson. Both Spearman and Pearson were interested in the nature and measurement ...

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