Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Erica King-Toler & Vanessa Alleyne
According to the most recent U.S. Census Bureau report, prepared in 2000, there were 36.4 million people, or 12.9% of the total U.S. population, who identified as Black or African American. In addition, there were 1.8 million, or 0.6% of the population, who identified as Black in combination with one or more other races. The term African American is an evolutionary one that gives rise to much debate regarding categorization and inclusion. African American is an ethnic term that includes persons who are descended from the African continent and whose families have been in the Americas for at least one generation; in contrast, the term Black refers to race and includes diverse ethnic backgrounds, including Caribbean and African ethnicities. However, both terms are often used interchangeably as a racial term. Conflict may often arise between native-born Blacks and Black immigrants and their children, all of whose experiences within American African ...