Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Conferences in Counseling
Linda L. Black & Jenn Capps
Conferences in the field of counseling offer students, practitioners, researchers, and scholars opportunities to gather, interact, and learn within a larger and often diverse environment. Individuals with common interests have formed societies and convened in groups for discussion and debate since the time of Socrates. In the field of psychology, the first formal meeting of professionals was the First International Congress of Psychology held in Paris in 1889, followed closely by the founding of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1892. In 1952, the American Personnel and Guidance Association was founded. Today, these professional societies and associations provide a forum in which members can discuss affairs and training standards of the association, participate in educational events, engage in professional renewal, strengthen professional identity, and make contacts with others who are interested in psychology and counseling. Professional gatherings can stimulate creative and intellectual understanding among individuals. In the United States, the ...