Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Brenda X. Mejia & Rachel L. Navarro
The term monocultural is used in several fields to refer to a single homogeneous culture that de-emphasizes diversity. In the United States, a Western or White hegemonic culture has been emphasized. Under this monocultural perspective, dominant American cultural values, expectations, behaviors, and definitions are presumed to be superior to values of other cultures. Thus, to the degree that minority groups internalize the mono-cultural worldview of the dominant group (i.e., assimilate), those groups come to see themselves through the perspective of the dominant group. In counseling psychology, the dominant monoculture used to describe the processes of individual and group counseling has been that of a European American perspective. Underlying this Eurocentric ideology is the assumption that people from minority and marginalized groups ought to assimilate their behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, values, language, and perceptions to the dominant's group culture (i.e., European ...